Wire Fox Terrier
(aka: Wire Haired Fox Terrier, Fox Terrier)
Wire Fox Terrier Description
The Wire Fox Terrier is a small to medium sized dog, with a sturdy build. He has a distinctive beard and a long muzzle. These dogs have a dense, wiry coat, and the coloring is predominantly white with black and tan markings.
The Wire Fox Terrier is an elegant and well built dog. It has a lot of strength compacted into a small structure. They are hunting and tracking dogs by nature and therefore are built with agility and many other hunting qualities. They have strong well developed jaws and teeth, eagerness, and physical strength. Above all else though, they pack a lot of courage. These are considered its weapons of attack. The eyes are dark, small, and deep set. Their neck is thick and extremely muscular. The skull is flat, tapering, and narrow skull. The ears are v-shaped and fold forward. The hair on the upper and lower jaws should only be long enough to give the impression of strength.
The Wire Fox Terrier is an affectionate, lively, and alert little dog. This is a breed that is impulsive, inquisitive, and loves to run or chase things. He is very agile and fast, and must always be provided with a secure and safe area in which to exercise and play when not on a leash. The Wire Fox Terrier has an abundance of energy, and needs a good amount of exercise, so he is best suited to very active families. He is independent, yet he thrives on the companionship, attention, and love of his family. These dogs need physical interaction and mental stimulation, and are not suited for those with little time for their pets. Alert, with a very good sense of sight and sound, the Wire Fox Terrier makes a good watchdog. He does have a strong stubborn streak and can be manipulative, so is best suited to those with some experience of dog ownership. The Wire Fox Terrier needs early socialization, and firm yet positive training.
The Wire Fox Terrier can have a real possessive streak when it comes to his belongings and food, and will think nothing of starting a fight with another animal over it. These dogs are not best suited to multi-pet households, and will be bossy with other dogs and predatory with smaller animals including cats. The Wire Fox Terrier gets along with older, gentle children that will not pester or rough handle him. They tend to be sociable with strangers when properly socialized. Although they can be a handful with their continual whirlwind of activity, the Wire Fox Terrier can make a very good pet and companion for the right family or owner.
The Wire Fox Terrier does need a fair amount of grooming. You will need to brush his coat on a weekly basis, and trim the hair from inside the ears. Also keep the hair around the bottom trimmed for hygiene reasons. You may need to get the coat clipped or trimmed every few months, and for show dogs stripping of the dead coat will be required. With proper grooming the Wire Fox Terrier is a low shedder, and may therefore suit those with allergies.
The Wire Fox Terrier originated in England in the 1800's. Before the introduction of the Wire Fox Terrier fox hunting would end as soon as the fox reached the hole. The Wire Fox Terrier was bred to assist in fox hunting. The Wire Fox Terrier was bred from the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Rough-Coated Tan and Black Terrier. If the fox reached the hole and went into the ground, the Terrier would be sent in after it. Terriers needed to have stamina to run with the foxhounds and they also needed to be small enough to follow the fox down into its lair. Lastly, the Terrier needed to be tough. The fox would view the Wire Fox Terrier as an intruder and would fight back. The Terrier needed to be stronger than the fox and conquer the animal. The fox would eventually flee from its lair and the hunters would then be able to hunt the fox. The Wire Fox Terrier would achieve this by snapping, growling, and lunging at the fox. They are sometimes regarded as the same breed as the Smooth Fox Terrier although in the United States the two breeds have been differentiated since 1986.
Training for the Wire Fox Terrier can be a difficult process if you are training them from the time they are a puppy. Puppies have very sharp teeth that can cause a lot of damage and they are also very difficult to house train. It is important that the owner of the Wire Fox Terrier consider staying at home with the dog most of the time at the beginning. The Wire Fox Terrier is known to snap at children as well as other people who reprimand the dog so it is important to socialize the dog from an early age as well as have very consistent and constant training.
The training of the Wire Fox Terrier should include obedience tasks because they are highly intelligent and energetic. It is important that the owner or handler of the dog learn to properly raise the dog because the Wire Fox Terrier has a very stubborn and independent nature. They will force you to prove that you can teach them how to do something. It is also important to learn how to properly reprimand the dog to prevent or reduce the likelihood of them snapping or growling at you. Due to the difficult training nature of this breed of dog and the aggression that it can show, it is suggested that this dog is not for the first time owner. It should be in the household of a very patient and experienced handler.
Some of the possible health problems linked to this breed, include: cataracts, PRA, heart problems, epilepsy, Legg-Perthes, luxating patella, thyroid problems, and digestive problems. The parents of the Wire Fox Terrier puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.