(aka: Aberdeen Terrier [Nickame: Scottie, Aberdeenie])
Scottish Terrier Description
The Scottish Terrier is a small dog with a sturdy, compact build and short legs. He has an eager expression and a distinctive beard. The coat of the Scottish Terrier is dense and wiry to the touch, with a softer, abundant undercoat. The coloring of the coat can vary and includes sand, black, wheaten, brindle, grizzle, or gray. These dogs weigh in at around 18-20 pounds for females and 19-22 pounds for males. The height of the Scottish Terrier is around 10 inches.
The Scottish Terrier is a very independent, assertive, and confident dog, and can have a stubborn and very willful streak. These bold and determined dogs can make good pets and companions, but need a confident and assertive owner, so are best suited to those with some experience of dog ownership and training. Those with little experience may find training the Scottish Terrier very challenging, and may soon find that the little dog quickly takes charge. Housebreaking can also be difficult with particularly stubborn Scottish Terriers. These small dogs have plenty of energy and spirit, and exercises enthusiasm in everything that he does - proving he wants to do it. The Scottish Terrier is a very loyal dog, and their alert and protective nature makes them effective watchdogs. Some Scottish Terriers can be very possessive of their food and belongings, and many love to bark and dig. Their tendency to chase and wander off, coupled with their naturally inquisitive nature, means that a safe and secured play and exercise area is essential.
The Scottish Terrier gets along well with children that are older, gentle, and will not pester him. He is not particularly sociable around strangers, and tends to be wary around them, which adds to his watchdog abilities. He may not get along well with other dogs, and needs early socialization with other pets. Early socialization with people is also recommended to promote a stable and sociable attitude. These dogs have a certain dignity about them, and can be very haughty and offended if they consider themselves to have been treated roughly or unfairly. Daily walks, interactive play, and a safe place to potter around will ensure that the Scottish Terrier gets his exercise and does not get bored.
The grooming requirements for the Scottish Terrier can be quite extensive, and owners may have to dedicate some time to keeping the coat of these dogs in good condition. You will need to brush him several times a week, and his beard will need to be cleaned daily for hygiene reasons. Every few months the Scottish Terrier may need to be clipped, and for show dogs hand stripping will be required. The good news is that these dogs are low shedders and may therefore prove suitable for those with allergies.
The Scottish Terrier originated in Scotland around the 1800s. Prior to that, there were no types of terriers. Rather, they were put in groups of either long legged or short-legged. Each region bred for a different type, which is how the five different terriers came to be. In 1917, the Kennel Club of Great Britain banned interbreeding so there were no longer combination breeds.
The Scottish Terrier was bred to be a working farm dog that hunted foxes, badgers. Wildcats and other varmints. They were considered similar to a farmer's helper being expected to take care of the wild animals without being told by the farmer. During this process, they became very territorial towards "their" farmer and home and because of their intelligence, they excelled at this job.
They were in the show ring for the first time in 1860 along with other dogs that were classified as Scottish Terriers, but where also known by other names. At that time, any terriers that were from Scotland were automatically classified as Scottish Terriers. In 1883, they attempted to make the Scottish Terrier a breed of its own. They first came to America in the 1880s but did not become popular until the years between World War I and World War II. In 1885, the first Scottish Terrier was registered in the American Kennel Club. The Scottish Terrier Club of America was started in 1900.
There was always dispute about what the actual breed should look and behave like. Finally, in 1930, 4 dogs of this breed made such an impact in the show ring that many British families and breeders wanted them. After this, it was agreed on that this is what the breed would consist of and was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1930. Today they are well sought after dogs for household pets and the show ring.
Training the Scottish Terrier is something that needs to be started at a young age to enforce in them what is expected of them. Because they were originally bred to do work independent of their family, they are sometimes stubborn about learning what you want them to do-especially; if it's not something they want to do.
The dog may be stubborn, but he still enjoys playing and needs proper motivation to want to learn. You may want to use treats or toys or simply praise. Find whatever works best and stick with it. The very first training your Scottish Terrier will receive is when you housebreak him. You will determine at that point, how eager and willing he is to learn new things. Always, praise a job well done and avoid negative enforcement, as they will get an attitude. They can be very stubborn when they want to be and need to think it's their idea.
Basic Obedience training is something that you can teach them yourself if you have the time, or you can enroll them in a class. With the Scottish Terrier, consistency is very important. Walking them on a leash is a lesson that they should begin at a very young age as well. Because they love to chase little animals and are a great escape artist, they must never be off the leash when outdoors.
The Scottish Terrier does very well in the show ring. If this is something that interests you, check with local groups in your area or search online for where competitions are held and what the procedure is.
The Scottish Terrier is a hardy and healthy breed in general, and there are not many health issues to worry about with these dogs. A few of the health problems to look out for include thyroid problems, cancer, allergies, luxating patella, and seizures. At least one of the parents of the Scottish Terrier puppy should be vWD clear. The life expectancy of the Scottish Terrier is around 12-14 years.