(aka: Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Bjelkier [Nicknames: Smiling Sammy)
The Samoyed is a pretty and distinctive looking dog, and is medium to large in size with a sturdy and well proportioned build. He has a beautiful double coat, which is dense and soft underneath with a harsh outer coat. The coloring of the Samoyed's coat is white, and may have cream or beige shadings. He has a beautiful, plumed tail, and a distinctive 'smiling' mouth, which has become known as the 'Sammy smile'. The weight of the Samoyed is around 35-50 pounds for females, and around 50-65 pounds for males. The height of these dogs is around 19-21 inches for females, and 21-24 inches for males.
The Samoyed is a dog that is friendly, good natured, and affectionate, making for a good family pet and companion. These dogs are playful and a little on the mischievous side, and they have plenty of spirit and enthusiasm. They are also sweet, gentle and get along with just about everyone. Although the Samoyed will bark to raise an alarm, which can make him an effective watchdog, he is too gentle and docile to be a guard dog. This breed loves to spend time with his family and owners, and likes companionship and affection, so he is not the right choice for those with little time for a pet. If you neglect your Samoyed you could quickly find destructive behavior setting in as a result of boredom. These dogs do love to chase, and therefore need to be provided with a safe and secure area to play and exercise when not on a leash.
The Samoyed is an intelligent dog and is quick to learn, which can make training less of a challenge. This breed can be very independent and strong minded, and therefore needs a confident and assertive owner - they are best suited to those with some experience of dog ownership and training. They do get along very well with children, although some can be large and a little too boisterous for smaller children. They also tend to be welcoming with strangers and get along well with most other animals. These dogs enjoy play and exercise, and fare particularly well in colder weather. If you are looking for a quiet, inactive life, the Samoyed is not the dog for you, as he does bark a lot, and does need a fair amount of exercise as well as plenty of interaction.
Although the Samoyed has a beautiful, abundant coat, the grooming requirements are not as extensive as they may seem. His coat needs to be brushed twice a week, and when shedding more heavily will need to be brushed on a daily basis. These dogs are medium shedder, and shed more heavily twice a year as well as lighter shedding that is year round. They are therefore not the best choice of allergy sufferers.
There is an ancient Siberian tribe known as the Samoyedes. The Siberian terrain is known to be one of the harshest and most difficult terrains to live in on the planet. The Samoyede people were nomads and moved around frequently carrying all of their things with them as well as their herds of reindeer. They were hunters and fisherman. They used a beautiful and robust dog to pull their sleds as well as several other jobs. The dog had to be able to perform several tasks. Not only did the dogs pull sleds and herd reindeer, but they also hunted animals for food and clothing. They were even known to hunt polar bears. This dog was later named the Samoyed after the name of the tribe.
In 1889 the explorer Robert Scott brought several of these dogs back to Europe. It was from Europe that the dog was bred and spread throughout the world. The first Samoyed came to America arrived in 1904 when the Princess de Montyglyon brought it as her companion. The Samoyed was given to her by the Czar's brother, the Grand Duke of Russia. Today the Samoyed is mostly used as a companion for the average household, but still does maintain some qualities that indicate its origins.
The Samoyed because of their intelligent and independent nature can be somewhat difficult to train, but will respond to patient and persistent training. Voice commands are all that is really necessary. The commands should be given with enthusiasm and this will make training a little more fun. The Samoyed is eager to please and therefore will respond better to training when they are praised for following a command. Samoyeds are not easy to train because they do become bored and distracted. It is important to make it fun and energetic for them. They are known to be somewhat resistant to obedience training. When training Samoyeds it is important for the owner to establish a difference between words of appreciation and reward and words of correction.
Respect training is definitely an option for the Samoyed owner. If you can train your Samoyed from a young age to be respectful, it can make living with your Samoyed much more pleasant. This can include training in the areas of, barking, chewing, jumping up, nipping, hanging onto objects, and so many other things. This is an excellent way to establish a leader and follower role relationship with your dog. Follower dogs are said to be happier because they are secure. They can trust that you have everything under control. They are also happier because they are going to be appreciated and complimented by people in public. They can also be confident that they know what the consequences of their actions are. They are going to be happier and healthier because they are using their brains and are spending time with the family they crave attention from.
Although the Samoyed is a relatively healthy breed, there are some health issues to look out for with these dogs. This includes diabetes, cataracts, thyroid problems, HD, PRA, and allergies. Take care in hot weather and humid environments, as the Samoyed does not enjoy being in high temperatures because of his thick coat. The life expectancy of the Samoyed is around 12-15 years. The parents of the Samoyed puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.