(aka: Hungarian Pumi)
The elongated muzzle of the Pumi is the most distinctive feature of the face. The slightly oblique, dark eyes have close-fitting lids. The tail is a fair indicator of the breed's temperament - always merry and carried high. The ears are upright and tipped forward. The compact hind feet are set back from the body. The chest is deep and ribs are somewhat flat. The feet are strong, with elastic pads and hard nails. The medium-length, curling coat is distinct from the Puli's in that, although thick and long, the hair is not felty and does not form into cords. Coat colors are black, all shades of gray, and reddish brown, but always one solid color. White occurs, but is not favored by breeders.
Like the Mudi, the Pumi is a multi-functional dog. It is a vigorous and sturdy sheepdog, but also a successful guard dog and hunting dog. Its probable terrier heritage has given it a great interest in the lairs of wild animals such as foxes and hares. It is said to be a successful ratter and also makes a wonderful family companion. Alert, watchful and energetic.
If this dog senses his owners are weaker minded than himself he will become willful, believing he needs to be the one making the decisions in the relationship. Ready to spring at the slightest noise, the Pumi is an ideal guardian for isolated houses or factories. This is an intelligent breed that is not difficult to train. They are smart enough to grasp what you mean quickly. It is affectionate with its master and when at home surrounded by familiar faces, it is a happy, cheerful fellow. Shy and reserved with strangers, socialize this dog well. A superb watchdog, the Pumi uses its voice liberally and consistently. If you are surrounded by neighbors where you live, it is sensible to teach the dog that after a couple of barks it must be quiet. If you find the dog is barking at you in order to tell you what he wants, you must hush the dog and look into your human to canine communication skills, as a dog who barks at you in that way is displaying dominance behaviors.
A well brought up and socialized Pumi will get along with children as long as the dog sees humans as below him in the pecking order. This breed can be dog-aggressive if it is alpha and has a tendency to wander.
The coat of the Pumi is easy to groom. The braided, medium-length coat does not mat easily. An occasional combing and brushing will keep it looking nice. Remove excess hair from inside the ears. Showing the dog requires special grooming.
The Pumi was developed in the 1700's. It was bred from the Puli (and brought along with the merino sheep which were imported in the 17th and 18th centuries) and crossed with German and French prick-eared sheepdogs - probably the Pomeranian or Hutespitz. The blood of ancient terriers probably also flows in its veins. This dog has evolved into a breed of its own over the last 300 years and is gaining popularity in its homeland.
It was first mentioned by name in 1815, but it was not until the 1920's that it was recognized as a distinct breed. Developed to drive cattle, it is daring, energetic, mouthy and high-spirited. Its standard describes the Pumi as "unable to keep quite." His character makes the breed a fine watchdog in remote areas. Hungary has produced a varied selection of livestock dogs. The Pumi is one of the lesser known breeds, perhaps because of its rustic appearance. This is a typical drover, with a burning personality and an alert disposition. As a working dog it serves many functions, such as herding cattle, exterminating vermin, and guarding the farm. The breed is established in North American and across Europe, but outside Hungary its numbers remain small. The Pumi is considered the town dog in Hungary, while the Puli remains on the high plains.
The Pumi's intelligence and ability to learn quickly makes them easy to train, although their stubborness can be a challenge. Early socialization and basic obedience are recommended. The Pumi breed must be trained with fairness, firmness, and consistency.
The Pumi is an overall healthy dog. The only known medical problems are patella luxation and canine hip dysplasia. Though seen, hip dyplasia is not very common and as with any breed, this can be avoided by using a reputable breeder with OFA health certificates.