(aka: Deutsche Spitze, Pom, Pomie)
The Pomeranian is a very cute, pretty, and dainty creature with a fragile build. He always has a bright, inquisitive expression, and looks alert and eager pretty much all of the time. He has a long, straight coat that is harsh in texture, and a dense, fluffy undercoat. The coloring of the coat can vary, and some of the colors include parti-color, cream and sable, cream, blue, red, orange, sable, and brindle. The height of the Pomeranian is around 7 inches, and he weighs in at 3-7 pounds.
The Pomeranian is a small dog with an outgoing personality and plenty of character. These dogs are alert, energetic, and have lots of spirit. The Pomeranian is an intelligent dog and a quick learner, which makes training easy. The Pomeranian is a loving and affectionate breed, who thrives on the companionship and affections of his owners. He is well suited to those with little or no experience of dog ownership, as well as the more experienced. It is important to be confident and assertive with these dogs, as some can be bossy and a little big headed. However, they are also very amiable and friendly, making them ideal family pets. The Pomeranian will bark to raise the alarm if anything is amiss, and this makes him effective as a watchdog. He is a little on the small size to really have any impact as a guard dog, although his size may not deter him from giving chase to larger animals if necessary.
Bright and inquisitive, the Pomeranian enjoys playing with other animals. Their inquisitive streak means that they should have a safe, fenced area in which to play so that they do not escape. The Pomeranian's reaction to strangers can vary depending on the personality of the dog, and whereas some will be friendly and welcoming others may be standoffish. When it comes to children these dogs should not be considered for a home with younger, boisterous kids. He is a fragile and dainty creature, and should be around only gentle, older children for his own safety. Entertaining, plucky, and fun to be around, the Pomeranian can make a great pet for families with older children, as well as a great companion dog for those looking for a loving and very cute friend. These are dogs that enjoy being pampered as much as they love to play.
When it comes to grooming the coat of the Pomeranian requires brushing around twice a week, although this will need to be stepped up at times that he is shedding more heavily. You may also need to occasionally trim his coat. The Pomeranian is a medium shedder, and sheds more heavily during the spring and autumn months, so he is not ideal for allergy sufferers.
The Pomeranian is a descendant of the ancient Spitz breeds of the far north. These original Spitz family dogs were the sled dogs from Iceland and Lapland. These breeds were brought to Europe from the Prussian region of Pomerania (an area that's part of Germany and Poland today) and used to herd sheep. These original dogs weighed as much as 30 pounds. In the 1800's Queen Victoria established a kennel for breeding these dogs, but asked the breeders to develop a breed in a smaller size, since she preferred small dogs. Over time, the breed was developed down to its current size of 4-5 pounds. The Pomeranian that we know today was not in existence until the 19th century. Because of their natural showmanship, this breed became a favorite among those who like to show dogs and among the circus. Pomeranians are talented at agility and many types of tricks.
Many famous people have been Pomeranian owners. These include Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola, Mozart, Michelangelo and Thomas Edison. It is said that Edison's Pomeranian spilled ink on papers containing information that he had spent 20 years researching. Michelangelo's was said to have watched him as he painted the Sistine Chapel. Queen Victoria owned multiple Pomeranians.
The Pomeranian can be quite a willful and dominant dog, so training must begin early and must be consistent. It's very important that your Pomeranian knows that you're the boss. If this fact is not established early on, this breed can become very demanding and possessive of their owners and will refuse to listen to even the simplest commands. It is also important that these dogs are socialized early on to prevent them from being overly suspicious of strangers. Spend plenty of time working on appropriate and inappropriate barking, as Pomeranians are known to be excessive barkers when not properly.
It is imperative that your Pomeranian be taught not to be underfoot. Because of their small size, a Pomeranian can be seriously injured if he is stepped or sat on. They love to sleep under blankets and pillows, where they can be difficult to detect and easy to sit on. In addition, a Pomeranian can seriously injure himself or even kill himself if he jumps out of your arms or off the back of a high couch.
Pomeranians are notoriously hard to housebreak. Because they are so small, they can sneak off to any little corner and go to the bathroom without you ever knowing it. And, of course, once they've gone in the house, the pattern is established. This is one breed for which crate training is absolutely necessary. They should not be allowed to roam the house unsupervised for many months, until their bodies are mature enough to hold their urine and they are well trained enough to understand the appropriate places to go.
However, these dogs are very intelligent, and with the proper training, can be taught to do nearly anything they need to do. They love to do tricks and can be quite proficient at them. Pomeranians are very curious and inquisitive. This makes them somewhat easy to train, but does mean that you'll need to train them in a place where they can be focused, with few distractions.
Once properly trained, Pomeranians are suitable for many types of tasks. Because their energy level is high, they can be very hard workers. In the past, Pomeranians have been used for search and rescue dogs, particularly in post earthquake searches, where small dogs are needed to locate survivors. In addition, they are often used as the therapy dogs for the elderly and ill. Finally, they can be trained to be used as companion dogs for the hearing impaired.
There are a number of health problems that are associated with this breed, and this includes: cataracts, PRA, low blood sugar, entropion, luxating patella, PDA, collapsing trachea, and allergies. The parents of the Pomeranian puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates. The life expectancy of these dogs is around 12-16 years.