Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
(aka: Little Griffon Vendeen Basset)
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen Description
The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is small in size, but is nevertheless sturdy and robust. The smallest of four rough coated hounds from Vende, the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen has a rough, long outer coat with a harsh texture, and a dense undercoat. The coloring of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is white with patches of color, which include orange, lemon, grizzle, black, or tri-colored. These dogs weigh in at around 25-30 pounds for females and 30-40 pounds for males. In terms of height, the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen reaches around 12-13 inches for females, and 14-15 inches for males.
The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is a courageous and independent dog, with plenty of character, spirit, and enthusiasm. This is a keen scenthound with a very inquisitive nature, and therefore should always have somewhere safe and secure to play and exercise when he is not on a leash. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen has bags of energy and needs a fair amount of exercise. He is also a dog that enjoys the affections and companionship of his owners, and is not well suited to those unable to commit time to their pets. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is an entertaining and cheerful soul, but his stubborn streak and bossy nature means that he is better suited to those with some experience of dog ownership. Females tend to be the more dominant sex with this breed, and when it comes to training owners need to be positive yet assertive in order to achieve results.
The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen can be very boisterous and mischievous, and this means that you may need to exercise caution around very small children who may inadvertently get knocked over or hurt. However, that said, the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen does get along very well with children as well as with strangers. He should be fine around cats and dogs, if a little bossy, but should not be trusted around smaller animals such as rabbits. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen loves to dig, which is something to bear in mind when he is left in his secure area, as it may not be as secure as you think! He also loves to bark, and this adds to his watchdog abilities but means that he is not best suited to those looking for a quiet pet.
The grooming requirements for the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen are not demanding, and you can keep his coat looking good with a weekly brushing. This will also help to keep shedding to a minimum, and as he is a low shedder anyway the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen may prove ideal for those with allergies. You should ensure that the hair around the bottom is kept trimmed for hygiene purposes. Also trim the hair in the ear and ensure that that the ears are clean and dry to reduce the chances of infection.
The origin and history of any breed needs to be researched before buying a particular breed, especially if the breed is new to the person, out of respect to the dog and common sense to the prospective owner. Researching the little Petit Basset will be exciting, as it has ancient origins in the France area of Vendee and its historical development covers over 400 years, even though it is new to the United States. Originally developed to hunt rabbits and small game, the dog was bred to be worked as one dog, two (also called a "brace," or a pack of dogs.
To understand the breed standards of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen, looking at the area in France of its development is almost necessary--rocks, brush, bramble, thorn bushes, and rough terrain--in an environment that is damp and cool. An area that a hunter on horseback could not get through, the dog was bred to hunt with him on foot and be a companion every hour and every minute of the day. The qualities that were needed were agility, strength, determination, a loud and strong voice, and a rough coat that rain or the elements, in addition to the brambles and thorns, could not penetrate---qualities that would make this dog a menace when cooped up in a small apartment unattended.
Its breed characteristics were fixed by Abel Desamy, a French breeder, with the Petit developed for hunting rabbits. The French were not only influential in the development and refining of the hunting hounds, but it had its start there. Not knowing much about the scientific areas of dog genes, they bred dogs that were of such high quality they are still with us today, as the hound was the first dog to have its breed type "standardized." Taking hound casual breeding (talked over at the local tavern or after dinner at a friend's home) into a science, they developed four varieties of the Griffon Vendeen.
Grand Griffon--the largest variety, measuring approximately 23 1/2 inches at the withers
Briquet Griffon--medium sized dog, measuring approximately 20-22 inches at the withers.
Grand Basset--smaller sized dog, measuring approximately 15-17 inches at the withers.
Petit Basset--smallest sized dog, measuring 13-15 inches at the shoulder.
Originally developed from the white St. Hubert and the white/tan hound for the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen, and an addition of the "King's Whie" Grand Griffon for the larger, heavier, and longer "Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen," the two hunting breeds are part of a package of four breeds, with these two being bred together up until 1975 when it became prohibited. New to the United States as a companion dog, the little Petit has been in France for almost 100 years for hunting rabbits. The official Basset Griffon Vendeen Club was formed in France around 1907, which then became known as the Club du Griffon Vendeen when all four varieties of the dog were accepted. In the United States, the P.B.G.V. Club of America was formed on November 19, 1984, with the dogs being able to compete in AKC licensed shows in 1991.
The PBGV is a hound dog, which means it hunts. Many people purchase this little dog as it is a cute little puppy and lovable looking--with very little research done on the breed and what it is about. Hunting dogs hunt (surprise!) and if left unattended or untrained, they will destroy your home and yard within minutes as it is their nature to "hunt" for things--even if it is your best Sunday morning church shoes or new sunglasses.
The training of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is easier than most people think, as they are not only intelligent but love to please their owners. A small, short-legged, scruffy-looking dog, this breed requires a strong upper-hand and strong obedience training, along with a definite course in leash training. This is due to the fact that the little dog refuses to lie around much and watch television, not matter how adorable and cute they looked as a puppy, and walks are usually part of their exercise, unless a very large back yard is available and an owner who is active or likes to hunt. But when out for a walk, never remove the leash and let the little dog run unless it is an intentional thing, as they will be gone in a New York minute "hunting" for something for prey, without ever looking backwards.
One of the most adorable and affectionate dogs, once they understand their owner is boss, they will do anything to please them. An independent, bold, vivacious, compact, tough, and robust little dog--their spirit is wonderful to behold but they are not just for anyone to own. Unless the owner is dedicated to the breed and in strong training, combined with some type of energy level, this is not the dog for them.
Part of the home life training of this little hound is a safe environment that the dog can call its own. Crate training is excellent, or some form of kennel during the day when everyone is gone, is excellent as long as they have their favorite toys and the pen is "Petit proof." The worst thing any dog owner can do is crate or pen their dogs and only take them out on an occasional basis. If so, then the dog needs to be placed in a proper home as this is a form of mental and emotional abuse, especially for this little breed. These dogs need human companionship, as most dogs do, and will literally become depressed and wither away without it, resorting to negative behavior to compensate for the loss.
The life expectancy of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is around 12-14 years, and there are a number of health problems to look out for with this breed. This includes thyroid problems, luxating patella, cataracts, meningitis, PRA, HD, epilepsy, and heart problems. The parents of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.