Pembroke Welsh Corgi
(aka: Pembroke, Welsh Corgi, Pem, Corgi)
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a low, long body, and is small to medium in size. He has a sturdy build, short legs, and quite large, erect ears that add to his inquisitive, alert expression. Unlike the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, these dogs have no tail or a far less bushy tail. The coat of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is straight, smooth, and water resistant, with a dense undercoat. The coloring of the coat can vary, and includes sable, fawn, or red, with white patches, or black, white, and tan. These dogs weigh in at 25-30 pounds, and the height of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is around 10-12 inches.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Temperment
Active, intelligent, and quick to learn, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a dependable dog and is easy to train. This breed is well suited to the more inexperienced dog owner as well as experienced ones, and makes a good family pet and companion. These dogs are very alert and will bark to raise the alarm if anything seems to be amiss, making them effective watchdogs - be warned though, as some can bark excessively. These are herding dogs by nature, and this is still reflected in the way that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi will try and herd people and other animals, often by nipping at the heels, which is something that will need to be addressed. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi thrives on the love and companionship of his owners, and is not the right dog for those with little time to dedicate to a pet - neglecting this dog can lead to boredom and destructive behavior.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a loving and affectionate dog, and will get along well with gentle children and family pets. He is likely to chase off strange cats and dogs, as he has been trained to do historically. With strangers the Pembroke Welsh Corgi may be very suspicious, which adds to his watchdog abilities, but with guests he tends to be polite and dignified. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi needs a moderate amount of exercise, and will enjoy playing games and joining in family activities. Owners do need to exercise some assertiveness, as these dogs can be independent and strong minded. However, he is also attentive and eager to please, often excelling at obedience training.
The coat of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi will need to be brushed on a daily basis during periods when he is shedding more heavily, and on a weekly basis at other times of the year. These dogs shed quite heavily on a seasonal basis, and will also shed more lightly for the rest of the year, so they are not best suited to allergy sufferers.
Both of the corgi breeds, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi originated from the Swedish Vallhunds brought to the areas around Wales in the 800s. From this known ancestors there are varying tales of how the breed actually developed. Many breeders and experts believe that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has definite spitz ancestors that likely were introduced to the line early on in the development of the breed. Sometime in the 1100's Flemish weavers came to the Pembrokeshire area of Wales and brought the original Pembroke Welsh Corgis to the area. Bred with the local Swedish Vallhund descendants the breed was more completely developed. It is often reported that the short legs and stature occurred from breeding with Pomeranians, and there is somewhat of a resemblance with both this breed and the Schipperkes which may also be in the lineage.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi were not recognized as separate breeds until about seventy years ago. Prior to that both breeds were developed for their herding and watch dog abilities. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi makes an ideal herding dog and will drop and roll to avoid being kicked. They are so low to the ground that this natural movement is very graceful and allows them to change directions and move very quickly rather than stopping or backing up as larger herding breeds will do.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi became a popular dog when Queen Elizabeth the Second started breeding and raising them herself. They have been used in many commercials and advertisements both in the United Kingdom and around the world, and the breed has become very popular since its first official showing in 1926. No longer used as much as a herding dog they are considered an ideal companion dog in almost any type of setting.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a highly intelligent dog that is very quick to learn what the owner is expecting. They do require firm and consistent training but rarely need to be corrected as they will respond immediately to the tone of voice or withdrawal of attention if they have done something wrong. The breed does not like repetitive training exercises and will quickly become disinterested in repeating the same command over and over. Change training routines frequently to prevent this from becoming a problem.
A natural watchdog they will need to be taught not to bark or this can become a problem. Usually a Pembroke Welsh Corgi that is socialized, trained, exercised and loved will not develop barking issues, but those that are left alone, isolated or bored will use barking as a way to stay entertained.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi will bond very strongly to the owner and family and will usually respond well to commands from the family members, although they will usually not respond at all to strangers. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi needs socialization at an early age to overcome any natural dominance or aggression issues and this is particularly important for males of the breed. Occasionally a Pembroke Welsh Corgi can be somewhat dominant and controlling and may require obedience training to deal with this problem. Once trained they are ideal obedience and show dogs. They are also used in herding competitions and will often need very little formal training on herding skills.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi can be taught to respond to both whistles and hand commands. To train with hand signals or whistles be consistent and clear in your expectations, pairing verbal command with the hand signal or whistle then gradually replacing the verbal with the signal command. Lots of praise and attention will really help this breed learn quickly.
There are a number of health issues to look out for with this breed. This includes PRA, vWD, spinal problems, lens luxation, retinal problems, and HD. Excessive jumping, lack of support when handled, or excessive weight gain can all add to the risk of spinal problems for this breed. The parents of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.