(aka: Norsk Buhund, Norwegian Sheepdog, Homestead Dog, Farm Dog)
The Norwegian Buhund is a typical Spitz dog of medium build. They are squarely built with a short compact body. The head is wedge shaped with erect pointed ears. The muzzle is about the same length as the skull with a stop that is well defined but not too pronounced. The lips should be black and tightly closed and the teeth should meet and have perfect dentition. The tail is carried curled over the back.
The Norwegian Buhund is a very energetic and intelligent dog. They are typically herding dogs however the Norwegian Buhund is a breed known for its ability to perform as police dogs and as aids for the hearing impaired. As a companion, they have an innate desire to please their masters as well as a quick and eager aptitude for learning. However, since the breed is energetic and intelligent, consistent training is needed for Norwegian Buhunds from the time they are puppies.
They are also a vocal breed and do communicate by barking. Owners of Norwegian Bohunds may find that consistent training is needed in order to implement appropriate manners. Regardless of their highly energetic personalities and dispositions, they are an affectionate breed that is content to curl up at your feet at the end of the day. They are extremely lovable and form strong bonds with their master and family.
Although they are working dogs, they demand play time with their owners and can be very stubborn if neglected. On the other hand, they also have a high sense of independence at times and need to be left alone to explore or rest as needed. IT is difficult to accommodate both sides of their personalities as they do experience separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time; this can result in destructive behavior. Appropriate and consistent training is required and will result in a well-mannered and affectionate Norwegian Buhund.
Norwegian Buhund Temperment
The Norwegian Buhund is a highly cheerful and active breed. They do not tire easily and require extensive exercise on a daily basis. The Norwegian Buhund needs to expel its energy and become destructive and ill-mannered if ignored or made to stay still frequently. In conjunction with their high level of activity and energy, they are also extremely lovable and are known for their love of children. However, due to their high level of energy and need for intensive training, Norwegian Buhunds should always be supervised, especially around children and the elderly. This breed loves to cuddle and give kisses to their masters and families. They form strong bonds with their owners and therefore are natural watch dogs. This can result in aloof behavior and wariness around strangers. However, the Norwegian Buhund is highly intelligent. They are communicative and brave, but rarely will snap or bite without provocation. However, not all dogs of this breed are steady; they are sometimes found to be nervous dogs. They can even have a suspicious nature about them. New owners may find this problematic, since the Norwegian Buhund may bark at each new alarming noise or movement.
This breed is also extremely headstrong and demonstrates an intense desire to be taught and to learn new things. If appropriate stimulus is not made available, the breed may resort to destructive or inappropriate behavior. The Buhund breed does become bored easily and is known to become restless. A constant state of activity is required, attention, praise and new information. This breed is ideal for owners who can dedicate time to exercise and training. With this desire for activity and learning combined with a high level of energy, the Norwegian Buhund makes an excellent obedience and agility dog. People who live active lifestyles, or are seeking a dog with which they can become involved in dog sports, will appreciate the personality of the Norwegian Buhund. It is also an ideal dog for people who are athletic and desire a dog to go running, hiking or biking with. This breed makes an excellent companion for a sports enthusiast.
The Norwegian Buhund breed has a short to medium length, easy cared for coat, that does not tangle, or mat, when shedding. Brushing weekly will be fine, but extra brushing is required, when the dog is shedding, this is seasonal and is fairly heavy.
The Norwegian Buhund belongs to a large class of dogs called the Spitz type. They all have in common the prick up-ears and a curled tail. There are many variations in size, coat and color among the Spitz breeds.
In the ancient Gokstad excavation in Norway, where a Viking grave from about the year 900 was opened, skeletons from six dogs of various sizes were found. They would be the representatives of modern-day Buhunds. When Vikings died, their most cherished and necessary possessions were buried alongside their owners. This was to care for the Vikings in their afterlife. Then these Buhunds who protected farms and herded cattle and sheep were expected to continue these duties in the afterlife. It has been documented that these dogs travelled with Vikings on their many journeys, by sea and by land. However, the more refined Buhunds that are seen today were raised on the coasts of Norway. There they herded sheep and guarded farms.
The Norwegian Buhund needs intensive and constant training from the time it is a puppy continued throughout its life. They are known to be somewhat sensitive dogs and therefore positive training techniques such as clicker training or food reinforcement training work best for this breed. The puppies should be introduced into training when they are about eight to twelve weeks of age. Having the puppy on a predictable schedule will make them feel more relaxed and loved. Proper crate training can also be useful. It is important to teach the puppy about keeping quiet in its crate at night as well as during the day time when there is no interaction.
Between the ages of three and six months the dog should be learning to sit, lie down, stop barking when asked, walk well on a leash, and come when called. It is also helpful for the dog to learn to play games such as "find it" and "bring it" Games like these can be very useful with a Norwegian Buhund because it will keep the occupied while in the home.
Between the ages of six and ten months the dog should be able to walk nicely on the leash, give you full attention when necessary, stay sitting when you walk away, play hide and seek with family members, and acknowledge names of family members. Simple tricks like "roll over" and "shake a paw" and many others can be taught during this age as well. The Norwegian Buhund does learn quickly and gets bored with repetition so keep teaching the dog new things when it is ready.
It is also important for the dog to be socialized with people and other animals during its puppy stages so that it can learn to interact appropriately with both. The Norwegian Buhund needs to become familiar with interaction with people and animals so that it lessens the suspicion and likelihood of the dog reacting vocally to new stimuli.
The Norwegian Buhund are prone to an inherited eye issues and hip dysplasia.