The Lakeland Terrier is a small but sturdy dog, with a distinctive beard and a wiry, hard coat. The coloring of the Lakeland Terrier can vary, and includes red, wheaten, blue, black, or liver. He has a square looking face and build, small, wide-set eyes, and a long muzzle. The weight of the Lakeland Terrier is around 14-20 pounds, and his height is around 13-15 inches.
Lakeland Terrier Temperment
The Lakeland Terrier is a dog that is playful, full of energy, and can be very entertaining, with lots of enthusiasm and a love for life. He is a confident and courageous dog, but also has a very curious and inquisitive nature that can lead him into trouble, or even into danger. If you have a beautiful designed garden then be warned - these little terriers love to dig. These are also not the right choice for those that want a quiet life, as they demand plenty of activity, plenty of attention, and they can bark a lot. Alert and eager to please, the Lakeland Terrier is an intelligent dog and is quick to learn. However, training can be difficult because these dogs have a very independent and stubborn streak, making them best suited to those with some level of experience with handling and training dogs.
You will need to ensure that your Lakeland Terrier gets regular exercise, and that he has a safe and secured area in which to play. Although small, this bold terrier will stand up to any dog that wants to try his luck, and may also have a tendency to chase cats unless socialized early on. He should not be trusted with small creatures that run, as they could end up as lunch for your Lakeland Terrier. When it comes to strangers the Lakeland Terrier will usually be quite polite but wary. His tendency to bark and raise an alarm makes him an effective watchdog. He is generally good around gentle and considerate children. These dogs can make good companions and family pets for active people and families, but do need an owner that is confident, assertive, yet positive.
The grooming requirements for the Lakeland Terrier can be quite high, so you will need to dedicate some time to looking after these dogs. You will need to ensure that his beard is brushed and cleaned on a daily basis for hygiene reasons, and you should also keep the hair around his bottom trimmed. His coat can be brushed once weekly, and pet owners can have the coat clipped every few months. For show dogs, the dead coat should be stripped every few months. Allergy sufferers may fare well with this breed, as the Lakeland Terrier is a low shedder if groomed properly.
The Lakeland Terrier was originally bred in the Lake region of England as a ratter and fox hunting dog. The breed has been developed through the selective crossing of several breeds including the Old English Wirehaired Terrier, the Bedlington Terrier, the Border Collie and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. Originally known by one of several names including the Fell Terrier, Eltewater Terrier and the Patterdale Terrier, the name Lakeland Terrier was officially recognized 1921. The Lakeland Terrier quickly became a popular breed in the United Kingdom and then became recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1934.
The breed was originally used in farming communities to keep the areas around buildings and farms free from vermin, as well as for hunting and as a watchdog. As fox hunting became a more common sport the breed really gained in popularity for its feisty and energetic personality as well as its ability to go through dense underbrush and chase foxes back out into the open for the hunters. Gradually the working and sporting dog evolved into the companion dog that it known as today. The Lakeland Terrier is still used in hunting trial and in agility and obedience competitions and events, making it a very versatile breed.
As with most dog breeds the Lakeland Terrier does best with consistent, positive training methods that include lots of socialization opportunities at an early age. The breed is very easy to train and highly intelligent and will quickly learn what you trying to teach. As with all terriers, the Lakeland can have a stubborn streak that needs to be firmly and consistently monitored. Usually Lakeland Terriers will become less compliant and stubborn if they have to repeat the same training routines and exercises in a repetitive fashion. Adding new twists to the routine and avoiding multiple repetitions of each particular command will minimize this problem.
Occasionally the Lakeland Terrier can be difficult to housetrain. Crate training, which uses timing and positive rewards to take the puppy outside at specific times after eating, drinking and exercise will make housetraining much easier. Remember that lots of praise and attention for going outside is much more effective than punishment for an accident in the house.
Leash or lead training is important for a Lakeland Terrier as they are natural chasers that can often dart out onto roads after other dogs, cats, birds or squirrels. Even though it is a smaller breed they don't require a harness, but this can be a good option for leash training.
Socialization at the earliest ages is critical, especially if you have other pets in the house. In addition socialization will help with introduction of new people and new environments for the dog. Since the breed may be rather possessive of food and toys this needs to be a key focus in both socialization and training.
Although the Lakeland Terrier is generally a healthy and robust breed, there are a few health issues to look out for. This includes Legg-Perthes, elbow dysplasia, lens luxation, cataracts, thyroid problems, and vWD. The life expectancy of the Lakeland Terrier is around 12-16 years. The parents of the Lakeland Terrier puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.