(aka: Hungarian Komondor, Hungarian Sheepdog, Mop Dog)
The Komondor is a very unusual looking dog, and is large to giant in size. Powerful and muscular, these dogs have distinctive corded coats that resemble string mops. He has a high maintenance, double coat, and this covers his whole body and his head. The coloring of the Komondor is white. The Komondor weighs in at 80-130 pounds, and the height of these dogs reaches around 25-30 inches.
A loyal, protective, and dignified breed, the Komondor is a sensible and attentive dog. He is devoted to his own family, and is very protective of his owners, household children, and even household pets. However, this can mean that he is over-protective when strangers - adults or children - or strange animals are around, so early socialization and supervision is required. These dogs are very independent and self reliant, as these traits are in their nature. As puppies they can be quite energetic and playful, and although they do calm down as they mature, they still remain fast and agile. As adults these dogs have a very deep bark, which although adds to his watchdog abilities can be disturbing late at night.
The Komondor does have a tendency to get bored with routine, and needs a variety of mental and physical stimulation. These huge dogs are not suited to apartment life, and need to have a secured, safe area in which to exercise. These dogs can be very territorial and determined, and training can be difficult - the Komondor is best suited to someone with experience of dog ownership and training. This is a breed that is suited to those with plenty of time to commit to their pet, as they need ongoing training as well as being high maintenance in terms of grooming. He also needs an owner who is confident and assertive, yet positive, as otherwise he can become difficult to control.
When it comes to grooming the Komondor demands a great deal of time and attention to detail, and maintenance of his corded coat can take a lot of dedication. The cords need to be separated at several week intervals, and without regular clipping or trimming can reach the ground by the time he is six years of age. Bathing can be a very time consuming and laborious task, and in order to ensure that the corded coat is properly washed and rinsed an hour or two has to be dedicated to each both for an adult, followed by 24-48 hours of drying. The coat will also need to be cleaned regularly, as it is prone to picking up all sorts of debris outdoors, such as leaves, dirt, and twigs. On the positive side, this breed is a low shedder and may be well suited to those with allergies.
The Komondor has a long history and some of that is intertwined with the Puli breed. It has been asserted that the Komondor is descended from Tibetan dogs. Some researchers believe that the Komondor was brought to Hungary more than a thousand years ago by nomadic Magyars. These hearty dogs were used to guard flocks of sheep during the nighttime hours. Because of their willingness to protect the flock and the owner against any threat, big or small, they were highly prized among the shepherds.
Some newer research is suggesting that they came from the Cumans. The name, Komondor (they propose) came from the name, Koman-dor, which means dog of the Cumans.
To give you an idea of how ancient this breed may be the earliest written reference to the breed is from the 16th century. During the ages since it has been used as a reliable and loyal guard dog.
Beginning the 1920's the breed began to show up in dog shows. It has since gained a wide popularity with owners the world over. Even today the Komondor is often used as guard dog for livestock.
This breed requires training and there should be no getting around that fact. They need complete and firm obedience training by an experienced owner or from a professional trainer.
The breed can be very willful and must be taught who is the master. Because of the chance that it might attack other animals and people this training should be started very early on and it must be reinforced during the life of the animal.
This breed is very smart, but it can be easily led to boredom. For this reason it is always a good idea to have something for the animal to do or to play with. The breed enjoys learning new tricks and will usually try very hard to please the owner.
Many owners will attest to the fact that this breed can be very loyal to the owner and the owner's family. The breed is known to show respect toward those who own it. However, it should not be forgotten that this dog can become very aggressive when it feels that there are threats nearby. Proper obedience training can go a long way in solving this potential problem but owners should never let their guard down when there is the possibility of trouble.
Komondors can be good family dogs if they are socialized as a young puppy,
trained thoroughly, and raised with children from the start, but they are not recommended for most families, especially those with small children or for owners who already have another animal in the home.
For the very best results, it is highly recommended that you get a puppy when purchasing one of this breed. Older dogs will have a mind of their own and they may not be trainable to your standards. In addition, they will be much harder to accept the other issues that may be a part of the home such as children and other pets.
When training is started early, the breed can become a very good family pet, but that training must start as soon as possible and it may best be conducted by a professional trainer.
The Komondor is largely a healthy breed, but there are a few health problems to look out for. This includes bloat, HD, entropion, cataracts, sensitivity to drugs and chemicals, and low metabolism. The Komondor puppy's parents should have OFA and CERF certificates. The Komondor has a life expectancy of around 12 years.