Jack russell terrier
Jack Russell Terrier Description
The Jack Russell terrier is a small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting. It is principally white-bodied smooth, rough or broken-coated which is commonly confused with the Parson Russell terrier (the American Kennel Club (AKC) and affiliate variant) and the Russell terrier (a shorter legged, stockier variety) with the term "Jack Russell" commonly misapplied to other small white terriers. The Jack Russell terrier is a broad type, with a size range of 10–15 inches, the Parson Russell is limited only to a middle range with a standard size of 12–14 inches, while the Russell terrier is smaller at 8–12 inches , however each breed has different physical proportions according to the standards of their breed clubs.
The head should be of moderate width at the ears, narrowing to the eyes, and slightly flat between the ears. There should be a defined but not over pronounced stop at the end of the muzzle where it meets the head, and a black nose. The jaw should be powerful and well boned with a scissor bite and straight teeth. The eyes are almond shaped and dark colored, and should be full of life and intelligence. Small V-shaped ears of moderate thickness are carried forward on the head. When the dog is alert, the tip of the V should not extend past the outer corner of the eyes. The tail is set high and in the past was docked to approximately five inches in order to provide a sufficient hand-hold for gripping the terrier.
The Jack Russell should always appear balanced and alert. As it is primarily a working terrier, its most important physical characteristic is its chest size, which must not be so large that it prevents the dog from entering and working in burrows.
Jack Russell Terriers are vocal, alert, lively and bold. They are very affectionate and playful with family, and love attention. They require training or a job, as they need adequate exercise. They are very energetic and can be very excitable. Jack Russell Terriers can be scrappy with other dogs, but can be socialized and trained to be okay with other pets. They are friendly, courageous and do not like backing down from a fight. They are intelligent and stubborn. If trained well, this breed can harness all of its energy into training and become very obedient and worthwhile, but otherwise they are difficult to train, with the typical terrier stubbornness..
All coat types of the Jack Russell are easy to groom. Comb and brush regularly with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary. To show, owners must strip the coat. Like the rough coat, the broken coated Jack needs to be stripped out also.
The first appearance of the Jack Russell Terrier seems to have been in the Oxford area of England, a place where small white fox-working terriers were first bred by Reverend John Russell. The line of terriers bred by John Russell were especially strong and attractive; these dogs were raised to be aggressive and to hunt foxes. However, it is unlikely that the Jack Russell Terriers existing today are direct descendents of this dog. These feisty terriers were used to hunt small game and were trained very well in digging quarries out of dens. These dogs have a superb working ability and their standard is broad in range.
The typical accepted body type is muscular and well-proportioned. The dogs were supposedly long-legged at some point, and had an innate ability to keep with hounds and hunting in packs. These dogs are naturally energetic, playful, and have strong stamina. They make excellent family companions and can pick up skills and tricks with ease. These dogs can be easily trained to hunt, track, and perform a variety of tricks. They are also very agile and can expertly dig into burrows and dens.
The Jack Russell Terrier can be difficult, determined, and willful. They require firm and consistent guidance, as they are easily distracted. It is important for them to know whom their master is or they will take charge. Early socialization may moderately temper their aggressiveness. Obedience training is highly recommended. The Jack Russell displays talents in such areas as hunting, tracking, and agility.
Some health problems seen occasionally in Jack Russell Terriers dislocation of the kneecaps, inherited eye diseases, deafness, and Legg Perthes (disease of the hip joints of small breeds of dogs).