(aka: English Greyhound)
The Greyhound is a large, svelte, and very graceful dog, and has a long, thin muzzle and an intelligent expression. The coat of the Greyhound is fine and close fitting, and the coloring can vary and includes brindle, white, fawn, cream, blue, and black. The weight of the Greyhound is 55-65 pounds for females and 65-80 pounds for males. The height of these dogs is around 26-30 inches.
The Greyhound is an agile, graceful, and determined dog, and this breed is best known for its racing abilities and is a racetrack dog. Friendly and gentle yet lively and fun, the Greyhound is a sweet and sensitive creature, and enjoys the peaceful life but also enjoys the companionship of his loved ones. This said, the Greyhound is not a clingy dog and is independent, serious, and sensible. These docile dogs are the fastest of all the breeds, and will need to be given the space to run a few times each week. However, the exercise requirements for the breed are not overly excessive, and the Greyhound will enjoys spending time relaxing providing he gets the chance to run in a safe area on a regular basis.
The Greyhound gets along well with children, although he is best around older and more considerate children. He also tends to get along okay with other animals, although he can be a chaser when it comes to smaller dogs and other small animals - early socialization is recommended. With strangers the Greyhound can be quite reserved yet polite. The Greyhound is a dog that is best suited to a peaceful environment, and although effective training is important owners should be calm and positive with this breed and never demanding or harsh. One thing to watch out for with the Greyhound is his tendency to steal toys and food.
The grooming requirements for the Greyhound are low, which is ideal for those with time restrictions - an occasional brushing of the coat will keep it clean and sleek.
A dog very similar in appearance to the Great Dane has been found on Greek coins dating back to the year 36 B.C. They were considered the dogs of royalty and were very highly prized and regarded. These dogs were brought into what is now Europe and were heavier, larger and less refined that what we now know as the Great Dane.
The modern Great Dane was first developed in Germany, likely as a cross between Mastiffs brought by the Asiatic people and Irish Wolfhounds. They were originally bred as dogs of war and for hunting large game. The Great Danes were valued for their strength, obedience and ability to work independently. In the fourteenth century the Germans began to actively use the Great Dane as dogs to hunt wild hogs. The Great Dane became popular with English hunters and was originally known as the German Boarhound.
The German Boarhound at some point in time became known as the Great Dane, although there is little information on why the name change occurred or why they were connected to Denmark instead of Germany. In the year 1880 the German government officially decreed that the Great Dane should only be called the Deutsche Dogge within the country.
In more recent times the Great Dane is typically used as a carting dog as well as a companion. They can also be an excellent show dog and watchdog.
The Great Dane is a gentle and calm dog that is typically very easy to train when training is started when they are very young. Older Great Danes may be more challenging to work with if they have not had foundation training when they are young. This is very typical of all dog breeds, but the large size of the Great Dane makes it very important to get the foundation training.
Obedience training is highly recommended for this breed to incorporate both training and socialization at a young age. The Great Dane should be trained using only calm and positive training methods never aggressive or harsh punishment should ever be used. The Great Dane is a very sensitive breed and will quickly become attuned to the handlers and owners emotions and approval or disapproval. Usually a sharp "no" and a lack of attention is all that is required to let the Great Dane know that they have done something wrong.
The Great Dane should be leash or lead trained and should be kept in a fenced yard or on a leash when outside. Even though they are not aggressive they are intimidating and can really frighten people that are not familiar with the breed. The Great Dane needs to be socialized with other dogs and non-canine pets and this should be part of the regular training program.
The Great Dane is usually relatively easy to train but occasionally a Great Dane can become somewhat dominant, requiring a firm and consistent owner. In these cases a professional trainer can also be used to help the dog and owner learn to work together and prevent dominance issues from becoming a problem. Since the Great Dane is so large it is critical to deal with behavior issues as soon as they occur, never allow bad habits to become established.
Often very excited and happy to see owners come home after a long day, they have to be taught not to jump up. Teaching the Great Dane to sit when he or she approaches someone is a great idea and helps to prevent anyone from being nervous when first meeting the dog.
The life span of the Greyhound is around 9-14 years, and there are a number of health problems that have been associated with this breed. Some of the health issues to look out for include thyroid problems, bloat, PRA, digestive problems, bleeding disorders, and allergies to drugs and chemicals. The parents of the Greyhound puppy should have CERF certificates.