German Wirehaired Pointer
(aka: Deutscher Drahthaariger, Vorstehhund, German Pointer, Drahthaar)
The German Shorthaired Pointer has a short, flat, close fitting coat, which is harsh in texture. The coloring of the German Shorthaired Pointer is usually liver and white, although some can be solid liver, and in some cases can be black instead of liver. These dogs have a sturdy and athletic build, and their expressions are intelligent and alert. The weight of the German Shorthaired Pointer is 45-60 pounds for females and 55-70 pounds for males. The height is 21-23 inches for females and 23-25 inches for males.
German Wirehaired Pointer Temperament
A versatile and good natured dog, the German Shorthaired Pointer is an active and agile dog, and is tolerant, obedient, and intelligent. The German Shorthaired Pointer is quick to learn, and this can make training far easier, although some may have a stubborn or dominant streak that make them best suited to owner with some experience of dog ownership. Others may be overly submissive, and in order to ensure a well balance temperament early socialization in important. These are dogs that have plenty of energy and love to play, which means that you need to ensure that they receive plenty of physical activity as well as mental stimulation, otherwise boredom can set in and this lead to destructive behavior.
The German Shorthaired Pointer get along well with children, although his size can prove a problem if you have very small children, as they could inadvertently knock them over. They also tend to get along okay with other pets when well socialized, although some may chase cats and they can be aggressive with strange dogs. Their reaction around strangers can vary between friendly and reserved depending on the personality of the individual dog. This is a focused, dedicated, and protective breed, and can make a good watchdog. These are dogs that are well suited to family life, and are ideal for active people with confidence and assertiveness.
The grooming requirements for a German Shorthaired Pointer are not demanding, although you may need to step up grooming during times when your dog is shedding more heavily. Occasional brushing of the short coat will help to keep it in good condition. This breed is a medium shedder and sheds more heavily on a seasonal basis, so may not be ideal for those with allergies.
The German Wirehaired Pointer was developed in the late 19th Century and beginning of the 20th Century in Germany. The breeding origin is based on the ideas of "Hegewald" (Sigismund Freiherr von Zedlitz und Neukirch). It was carefully cross bred from the German Pointer and several other breeds. There is some differentiation on which breeds these were. It is speculated that they were Wirehaired Griffon, Poodle-Pointer, Foxhound, and Bloodhound. The German Wirehaired Pointer is the most popular dog in its country of origin, Germany. However, it was not officially recognized until the 1920's. At this time the dog was introduced to the United States. It was officially recognized in the United States in 1959. It has never grown to be as popular in the United States as it is in Germany.
Training for the German Wirehaired Pointer is essential. They need very consistent and firm training from the time they are young puppies. One of the most difficult parts of training for this breed is house breaking. The two keys to housebreaking are confinement and regular access to the right place to go to the bathroom. Confinement means that until your dog is house broken they are not allowed to roam freely around the house. The dog should be confined when ever you are not playing, grooming, walking, cuddling, or occupying the dog in any other way. If the dog is allowed to roam free around the house and you are not watching they will go to the bathroom in the house and then the bad habit has started. There are three different types of confinement. First the dog can be put in a crate and let outside frequently. Secondly, the dog can be put in a pen with a litter box or newspapers. Lastly, the dog can be kept in a small room and they can have regular access outside through a doggie door. This way they can control when they go outside. Having access to the right place to go means take your dog outside. It is important that your dog has a place to go on a regular basis. This can be outside or it can also be newspaper or litter box at the beginning.
Another essential element for the training of the German Wirehaired Pointer is socialization. The best socialization occurs between when the puppy is 7 weeks old until about 6 months old. That is the time to take the dog out into the world to experience new people and new places. This will help the dog become less aloof an suspicious. Socialization should continue throughout the dog's adolescent years because like teenagers the dog's attitude can change monthly or even daily. It is important to keep introducing your dog to new things. Adult socialization is almost impossible because by that time the dog has already determined its personality and attitudes. It can be very difficult to try and change that during adulthood.
The German Wirehaired Pointer because it is a sporting and hunting dog can also receive training for that purpose. There are several agencies and training programs to assist in the training of both the dog and owner. They will excel in agility, hunting, tracking, and retrieving. Getting the dog involved in agility training is a great way to occupy the dog both mentally and physically.
The life expectancy of the German Shorthaired Pointer is around 14-16 years, and there are a number of health problems and disorders that have been linked to this breed. This includes HD and elbow dysplasia, thyroid problems, cataracts, epilepsy, vWD, and entropion. The parents of the German Shorthaired Pointer puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.