English Springer Spaniel
The English Springer Spaniel is a medium sized dog, and weighs in at around 40 pounds for females and 50 pounds for males. The female English Springer Spaniel stands at around 19 inches, and the male at around 20 inches. The weather resistance coat of the English Springer Spaniel is straight, close, and silky, and the coloring includes black and white, liver and white, and tri colored. He has a docile and sweet expression, and his long silky ears, which hand to the side of his face, frame it beautifully.
English Springer Spaniel Temperament
Active, intelligent, and eager to please, the English Springer Spaniel is a dog that loves the companionship and affection of his family, and is a real people person with strong social skills when properly socialized. He is a quick learner which makes him easy to obedience train. The English Springer Spaniel has plenty of energy and spirit, and loves to play and exercise. Some English Springer Spaniel can be overly boisterous at times, and others can be overly dependant to the point where they become clingy, so early training is essential as is the need to teach the dog to be independent. These dogs do not like being neglected, and being left along for long periods can result in destructive behavior and anxiety, so this is not the right dog for those that are away for long periods and do not have the time to commit to a pet.
The English Springer Spaniel gets along well with children, particularly when raised with them, and is also good with other pets. He is a sociable dog and will get along well with most strangers, although some English Springer Spaniels may be more reserved around strangers than others. These dogs are faithful, devoted, and loyal, and they do have a protective streak that means they will make noise to alert his owners to possible danger, making him an effective watchdog. The sweet nature and high intelligence of the English Springer Spaniel makes him well suited to the more inexperienced dog owner as well as the experienced.
The grooming requirements for the English Springer Spaniel can be demanding, and his silky coat will need to be brushed and combed at least several times a week, and more during heavier shedding. He will also need to be clipped every three months or so. You should trim the hair around the bottom for hygiene reasons, and also check the ear canals are dry and clean for hygiene and health reasons. These dogs are medium shedders, and shed more heavily on a seasonal basis, so they may not be ideal for the allergy sufferer.
The original spaniels started to appear as early as the 1600's. Springer Spaniels and Cocker Spaniels were considered the same breed until the 1800's. England started to divide the dogs into two groups. The Cocker Spaniels were considered under 25 lbs and used for woodcock, and the English Springers were considered about 45 lbs. Their purpose was to "spring" a game bird into the air, and a hawk would retrieve it. This was before guns were used. Today's springer spaniel's flush and retrieve their game.
In the mid twentieth century, the English Springer Spaniel started to divide into two groups, the field and show bred dog, while still being considered the same breed.
English Springer Spaniel's are considered a very intelligent, skillful, and obedient breed. With such traits, they are very easy to train. Their alertness and attentiveness make them an ideal hunting companion, performance dog, or family pet.
Springer Spaniels are a very emotional breed and their feelings are easily hurt. They need to be trained with positive reinforcement. Forceful or negative training will lead to a dog unwilling to please. Springers can also pick up on your mood, becoming agitated and impatient just as you do. Keeping a positive attitude will make it much easier to train your dog.
Because the springer spaniel is such an intelligent dog, they need mental stimulation from training. Whether you teach them a wide variety of tricks, perform in events such as agility, flyball, obedience, tracking, and field trials, or train them into service or therapy dogs, your spaniel will flourish from it. Through training, you develop a strong bond with your dog, and he will respect you more for it. A dog left untrained will become bored, and look for ways to entertain himself, such as becoming destructive, obsessive, or overly energetic.
Many children join in on training their springers through junior handling. Being an adaptable breed, springers will work for adults and children alike. Most clubs allow children to compete with their dogs in any and all events, including conformation showing.
Springers are dogs that easily pick up on language. If you speak to them enough, they can understand commands through casual talk. The more you talk to your dog, the more he will understand.
Overall, springers are an easy breed to live with if you train them and exercise them properly. They have the potential to become just another enjoyable member of the household.
The life span of the English Springer Spaniel is around 12 years, and there are a number of health problems that may be associated with this breed. This includes ectropion, glaucoma, retinal problems, vWD, SAS, HD, PRA, and epilepsy. Thyroid problems, allergies, and skin conditions can also affect the breed. Parents of the English Springer Spaniel puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.