(aka: Wiener Dog, Hotdog, Doxie)
The Dachshund is also known as a 'sausage dog' and has a very low body that is close to the ground, and is elongated. The Dachshund has a muscular and sturdy build, and his expression is a sweet and eager one. There are three varieties of Dachshund, and this includes the longhaired, the smooth haired, and the wirehaired variety. The miniature Dachshund weighs in at 7 to 11 pounds, and standard Dachshunds are around 20-28 pounds. The height of the Dachshund is 5 inches for miniatures and around 8-10 inches for standards. The coat of the Dachshund will vary depending on the variety of dog that you have - the smooth haired has a dense, short, and smooth coat; the long haired has a soft, longer, and possibly slightly wavy coat; and the wire haired has a harsh, short, and wiry coat. The coloring of the Dachshund can vary and includes black and tan, blue, chocolate, red, red sable, cream, and brindle.
A lively and sweet natured creature, the Dachshund is a dog that makes a loyal and devoted pet for the right owner. These dogs are well suited to both inexperienced and experienced dog owners, as they are adaptable, intelligent, and sociable. The Dachshund is not the right choice for those with little time to dedicate to a pet, as they do need love, attention, and companionship. Training should not prove too much of a challenge, as the Dachshund is quick to learn, eager to please, and responsive. However, he can have a very possessive streak when it comes to his belongings and food. The Dachshund has a great sense of humor, and can be a very entertaining and cheerful pet to have around. The sharp bark of these dogs makes them effective watchdogs.
He tends to get along well with older, gentler kids. The Dachshund loves to be around other Dachsies, and with early socialization should get along fine with other pets. When it comes to strangers the reaction of the Dachshund can vary depending on his personality - some will be fine with strangers and others may be aloof. It is worth noting that there are three varieties of Dachshund - the long haired, the wire haired, and the smooth coated. The longhaired Dachshund appears to have a gentler and more amiable nature than the other two varieties and are less aloof with strangers. If you are particularly proud of your garden you may want to think twice before considering a Dachshund, as these dogs do love to dig. The Dachshund is a sensitive breed, and does not like to be teased or handled roughly. Care should be taken around younger or boisterous children, as the Dachshund can injure his back through to much rough play and jumping around.
The grooming requirements for the Dachshund can vary based upon the variety of dog that you have. The smooth haired needs occasional brushing to keep his coat in good condition, and the long and wire haired varieties need to be brushed twice weekly. Occasional trimming or clipping may be required for the long haired and the wirehaired has his dead coat stripped every few months when being shown, although as a pet standard clipping will be fine. The longhaired and shorthaired varieties are medium shedders and therefore may not suit those with allergies. However, the wirehaired is a low shedder.
It is believed that the ancestors of the Dachshund existed as far back as ancient Egypt, due to artifacts found that depicted small dogs with very short legs. This German breed was developed as a badger hunter hundreds of years ago. In German, "dachs" means badger and "hund" means hound. The breed was derived from a mixture of German, French and English hounds and terriers. These dogs have many terrier traits and are excellent hunters. They have been bred to have very short legs, to help them dig as well as to help them get into the burrows where animals like badgers and rabbits reside.
The first verified reference to a Dachshund comes from books written in the 1700s. The original German Dachshunds were larger than today's standard; weighing as much as 40 pounds. But, over time, they were bred to be smaller to assist them in hunting, and over time, the miniature variety was developed for hunting smaller prey. In addition to furrowing out den animals, dachshunds have also been used as standard hunting dogs, for fox and locating wounded deer. They have even been used in packs to hunt larger game like wild boar, and very fierce animals like wolverines.
The Dachshund requires firm and consistent training, but once trained, they are a great companion dog and extremely loyal. From an early age, they must understand that you are the "alpha dog", as they can be quite stubborn and resist training.
Dachshunds require socialization at an early age, to prevent them from being wary of human strangers and fearful. They should also be taught early on about inappropriate barking and taught not to jump, since this can be dangerous for their spines.
Crate training works well for housebreaking the Dachshund. Because this breed can be stubborn, and because their accidents are easy to miss due to their size, it's important to be very persistent in house breaking them. If they have an accident that goes unnoticed, they will believe that going to the bathroom in the house is acceptable, and the habit will be nearly impossible to break. Keeping your puppy in his crate unless you are actively interacting with him will help ensure that there are no accidents. Puppies should not be allowed to roam the house unsupervised until they are consistently house trained.
It's wise to leave your Dachshund in his crate when you leave the house even after he's house trained, since they are prone to destruction when bored. After a period of time, you will know your dog well and will know whether or not it's safe to allow him to roam the house when you're away.
The life expectancy of the Dachshund is around 12-15 years, and there are a number of health problems linked to this breed. This includes cataracts, diabetes, epilepsy, spinal problems, luxating patella, PRA, elbow dysplasia, and obesity. The parents of the Dachshund puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.