Chinese Chongqing Dog
The Chongqing Dog is a medium sized dog with a deep brown/mahogany color in a thin coat. They are powerful, muscular, and alert. These dogs are dignified and noble in appearance.
Their ears are erect and their teeth should meet in scissor bite or be slightly undershot. The teeth should not be visible when the mouth is closed in a natural position. Males should be muscular and well defined where females tend to be more streamlined with an air of femininity.
Chinese Chongqing Dog Temperament
The Chinese Chongqing dog is calm, noble, confident, alert, courageous, intelligent and dignified. They always look thoughtful, bark seldom, and enjoy to play with and be around their family. They are devoted and affectionate companions that do best in a home with older, considerate children.
This breed is aloof and suspicious of strangers. They are naturally very protective will not hesitate to defend their family, property, or territory. Breeders claim that their temperaments are stable.
They can be friendly with other dogs and other pets if they are raised among them from puppyhood. They need at least a 30 minutes of daily exercise to keep them calm and fit.
Due to their very short coat, the Chongqing dog does not require much grooming, and a bath only when needed.
The Chinese Chongqing Dog is an ancient, natural breed said to have existed for 2,000 years since the time of the Han Dynasty in ancient China (in 1987 archeologists found sculptures of an unknown dog breed in an ancient tomb from the time of Han Dynasty that resemble the Chongqing). The breed originated in Chongqing, located in the southwest region of China. Originally they were used for hunting wild boar and rabbits, as well as for protection of the home.
After the establishment of the People's Republic of China (1949), the dog population (of all breeds) was virtually eliminated. Dogs as pets were seen as a mark of capitalism so they were not wanted. Those who were allowed to keep a dog had to pay high taxes, so very few dogs were seen in the cities. The Chongqing dogs almost went extinction during that time. Luckily, some farmers and hunters who lived in remote villages were able to keep these dogs alive. Plus, they only used the best animals for breeding.
Dog ownership was allowed again in the late 1980's, and the population spread from rural areas into the cities. The dog was formally named the Chinese Chongqing Dog in 2000, but is still a very rare breed, even in China.
The Chinese Chongqing Dog requires a dominant and respectful owner. They will not respond to harsh, heavy-handed, or pain based methods. Early socialization and obedience is an absolute must. Training should be done with respect, firmness, fairness, and consistency.
Since this breed developed naturally with natural selection instead of human breeding, they are generally very healthy dogs. The main thing to watch for is skin problems since their coat is so short, but even this is uncommon, especially if fed a high quality diet.