(aka: Bohemian Terrier)
The Cesky Terrier sometimes also referred to as the Bohemian Terrier is a moderately long terrier with short legs. This breed of dog has bushy eyebrows, mustache and beard with a long head that is not too wide. The ears are triangular in shape and are folded over close to the head. The head of the Cesky Terrier is very similar to that of the Sealyham Terrier, although the body and coat is very different.
The Cesky Terrier is robust, agile and does not have a heavy body, but the body is solid. The legs are stout and short and the body and chest are relatively deep for the smaller size of the breed. The Cesky Terrier has a beautifully silky, wavy coat is found is a variety of different colors like light coffee, gray blue with tan, gray, white, yellow, and most are actually born black and then lighten as the dog reaches full maturity at about two years of age.
The body of the Cesky Terrier is long and low and the tail is typically called against the hind quarters. It is usually not docked and will be approximately eight inches in length. When the dog is excited or alert, the tail is carried horizontal to the ground.
Interestingly, the Cesky Terriers' color features vary depending on the color of its coat. For example, this breed of dog has yellow eyes if its coat is brown and if its coat is gray blue its eyes are brown. The Cesky Terriers with brown coats have lips and noses the color of liver and the Cesky Terriers that have blue gray coats have black lips and noses. This breed of dogs ears fold forward remaining close to their heads and they are triangular in shape.
The coat of the Cesky is wavy and slightly silky in texture, not the coat that is typical in most terrier breeds. The hair is relatively long over the entire body but is clipped short on the body and left long on the belly and legs, giving the breed the appearance of having a dual length coat. The longer, untrimmed hair typically reaches to the floor and covers the legs, appearing almost like a flounce or skirt around the dog. The long hair on the beard, moustache and eyebrows is not clipped but is left long.
Cesky Terrier Temperament
The Cesky Terrier is known as a happy, sweet dog that is great with children. It is also known for being not as aggressive as some of the other terrier types. They are considered courageous, obedient, loyal, patient and brave dogs. Uncommon to most other terriers, Cesky Terriers generally get alone well with other dogs.
This breed of dog does well with strangers however, as a terrier they are still inherently fearless, stubborn and feisty. With strangers they tend to be more reserved and thus, frequent and early socialization with other unknown people is highly recommended. And while they love people, they seem to have a special affinity for children particularly if they are raised in a family with children. They are well mannered and want to please their owners. They love to be around the people they love the most. They crave human interaction and attention and therefore typically are kept exclusively as indoor dogs.
When they are puppies, the Cesky Terriers are full of energy, but as they grow older they are more sedentary only becoming very active when they know that it is play time. Keep in mind that Cesky Terriers love eating and stealing food. Do not leave a sandwich unsupervised in the presence of your Cesky Terrier or it will soon be their next meal.
The Cesky Terrier has a coat that will need to be trimmed and cared for on a regular basis. You will want to leave the hair long around your Cesky's face so that the proper eyebrow, moustache and beard length are left. Trim along the stomach and legs. Typically, a pet Cesky Terrier needs to be trimmed approximately four times a year possibly more. If your Cesky Terrier is a show dog, it will need grooming on a more frequent basis. Unlike most terriers, the Cesky Terriers are clipped with electric clippers and not stripped. You will need to brush their coat about two times a week to prevent tangles and matting. Brushing can be done with a stiff bristle brush or a pin brush, followed by a slicker brush to add shine and help the hair to lie flat. It is also important to make sure that you trim the excessive hair that grows in their ear passages and between the pads of their feed. Often the easiest way to remove the hair from the ear is by plucking, which can be done by a professional groomer when they are clipped. The Cesky Terrier does not shed hair and if they do it is done so in very insignificant amounts.
Only bathe the Cesky Terrier when necessary. Like all terriers the Cesky has a natural oil to the coat that helps the hair repel dirt and water. Over bathing or using shampoos on the hair will strip this natural protection and will significantly damage the coat over time. If you do need to bathe the Cesky be sure to use only high quality dog shampoos and conditioners, never use human hair care products. Human hair care products have a different pH as well as perfumes that can trigger allergies and other skin irritations.
The Cesky Terrier is a relatively new breed. The new breed exists due to Frantisek Horak, a Czeh breeder. This breed is a carefully controlled combination of the Scottish Terriers and the Sealyham Terriers. By crossing the two terriers, Horak's goal was to create a drop eared, short legged, light hunting terrier that would be easy to take care of and would be small enough to go underground and fit into burrows. A breed the Cesky was originally created to be used to hunt rats, foxes and other types of vermin. Currently, the Cesky Terrier is still able to do these things, but it is most commonly used as a companion pet and family dog.
Breeders in the early 1980's felt that the breed was not meeting the original breed standards due to possible crossing with other terriers such as the Dandie Dinmont, so additional Sealyham bloodlines were re-introduced in very careful breeding programs to somewhat refine the overall appearance of the breed. The breed is now popular in many different countries and is becoming more well known within registries and associations.
It was first recognized in 1963 by the FCI. Then in 1993 the United Kennel Club recognized the breed. It is a beloved treasure in the Czech country and has been in many art pieces and postage stamps. It is even steadily growing popularity within the UK, Australia, Europe, Canada and the United States because of its pleasant, loving and easy going personality.
Cesky Terriers are quite responsive, sensitive and intelligent dogs making training them an easy process. However, it is important to keep in mind that they have a soft, mild mannered personality that does not do well with hard, negative training tactics. It is best to work with the puppy from a young age, focusing on building rapport and trust with the dog.
This breed of dog is very often quite naturally obedient as their personality is very loving and anxious to please. These dogs need a consistent and positive training regime. Because they have a great love of food, one of the most common training needs is to rid them of this behavior. It is also often the most difficult problem to correct. Keeping food and garbage in secure areas of the house or out of the reach of curious puppies and dogs will help prevent this habit from forming.
Along these lines, it is very important to begin house breaking your Cesky Terrier right away. One of the easiest methods of house training a terrier is to use a crate training routine. This enables the owner to take advantage of the puppies nature urge to keep their den area clean. People using crate training have to be very consistent with their timing to avoid the puppy using the crate as a toilet area. Puppies should never be punished for this accident, as it truly is a timing error on the part of the trainer. In addition the crate should not be used as a punishment or "time-out" under any conditions.
Cesky Terriers, like all dogs, will need to have a socialization component to their training from an early age. This is as simple as taking your puppy with you in the car, to the park, and on strolls around the neighborhood. The better socialized the puppy is the more it will be able to adjust to new things and people in its life without becoming timid or aggressive.
Most breeders of terriers recommend some type of puppy obedience training. This is an ideal way to combine the socialization component with learning how to be a better owner and dog handler. Older dogs may also continue on to more advanced obedience training for competitions or just for personal satisfaction for the owner. This breed can also be used in agility events, obedience competitions and earthdog and some hunting trials.
The Cesky Terrier is a very healthy, hardy breed. Because of this it is not prone to any major diseases. On occasion the Cesky Terriers have suffered from Scottie Cramp. This is a very minor problem that usually causes their movements to be awkward. However it is not a painful or life threatening ailment in any way.
Like all dog breeds the Cesky Terrier should have regular veterinary check-ups and complete both the puppy vaccination series as well as regular vaccinations as required throughout its life. In addition the dogs will require regular worming and flea and tick treatments in most areas.
As with all breeds with folded ears, it is very important to watch for any signs of irritation in the ears. This can include rubbing the head on the ground or carpet, scratching at the ears or any type of discharge or foul smell from the ears. Regular cleaning with a slightly moist cotton ball will help reduce the chances of bacterial infections within the ear.