(aka: Brittany, Epagneul Breton)
The height of the Brittany is around 17-21 inches, and the weight of these dogs is around 30-45 pounds. The Brittany has a beautiful, soft, dense coat, which can be wavy, and some of the hair on his legs is feathered. The common coloring for this breed is liver and white or orange and white, although some can be tri-colored which is liver and white with some orange. The ears of the Brittany are folded to the side of the head, and his expression is one of alertness and confidence.
Brittany Spaniel Temperament
A loyal, dedicated, cheerful, and eager dog, the Brittany is a dog that loves to play and exercise, and has plenty of energy. Highly intelligent and obedient, these dogs are easy to train, and this makes them great for inexperienced dog owners as well as for the more experienced. The Brittany loves people and attention, and it is important not to neglect these dogs, as boredom can soon lead to destructive behavior. These sensitive dogs are always eager to please their owners, but are also independent, spirited, and fun loving creatures that love to join in with the fun and the action.
When it comes to children the Brittany is a gentle and stable creature that gets on well with youngsters, and also gets on well with other animals, although as with all dogs it is important that you socialize them early on. With strangers some can be quite timid. Their love and protective streak for their family makes them effective watchdogs, and they will bark to sound an alarm should anything seem amiss. Some Brittany lines can be timid, and in order to prevent excessive shyness or submissiveness, early socialization is needed. In all, the Brittany makes a good family pet for those with plenty of devotion to give, and is fine in households with children and other animals.
The Brittany has a beautiful, soft, feathered coat, and you will need to put some degree of effort in to ensure that the coat stays in good condition. His coat should be brushed twice a week, which will help to remove dead hairs and prevent matting. The length of the hair will often determine the level of grooming required. He is a seasonal medium shedder, and during heavier shedding periods you may need to increase the level of grooming.
The origin of the Brittany is somewhat unknown. There is speculation of it being the cross of an Orange and White Setter and some not clearly identified French dog. The dog is suggested to have originated in the French province of Brittany. The Brittany was first shown in 1896. It is one of the most popular pointing dogs for bird hunting. It is considered to be the smallest of the gun dogs. The Brittany to this day is still used widely for its work as a hunting and gun dog.
The Brittany does have softness about their nature and therefore it is important for the dog to be socialized at an early age to prevent fearfulness or shyness from developing. Puppies should be brought to new places and around new people from a very early age. This will allow them to become comfortable in new circumstances. If the dog is going to be kept in a kennel or cage when the owners are not home, it is important to train the dog from an early age to be quiet in the cage. The Brittany is prone to excessive barking and therefore this should be handled from a very young age.
They are also a very excitable and rambunctious breed so it may be necessary as well to train them about having proper house manners. Get the dog used to knowing what is and is not acceptable behavior when it comes to jumping, barking, and chewing. They can become destructive when left alone for long periods of time so manners training can be very important. The Brittany's obedience training should be motivational and gentle. This breed responds best to love and they are eager to please so any training that is harsh or domineering is counter productive.
Because the Brittany is a hunting and gun dog there are some specifics to training them for this purpose. There are several organizations that can professionally train the Brittany as a gun dog. There are also several books and articles that can help as well. However, more than likely if you are using the dog as a gun dog or hunting dog you have experience in the area and are capable of training the dog yourself. Professional help is always available when needed. However, it is important to note that Brittanies can have several different ranges of personality and some that are very timid and shy may react to loud noises and cannot be trained as a gun or hunting dog.
The Brittany has a life expectancy of around 12 years, and there are a number of health related issues that are linked to this breed. This includes spinal problems, HD, glaucoma, seizures, liver problems, and heart problems. The parents of the Brittany puppy should have OFA and CERF certificates.