The Bolognese is of small size, stocky and compact, covered with a pure white coat. The hair is fluffy and long all over the body, from head to tail, only being shorter on the muzzle.The coat is rather distinctive and relatively non-shedding. Rather like the poodles, it forms into flocks.
The Bolognese has a square build, the length of the body being equal to the height at the withers. The head is of medium length. Coat colors include pure white, without any patches nor any shades of white.
Very serious, generally not very high energy. Enterprising, docile, enjoying his master. The Bolognese is slightly more reserved and shy than its cousin, the Bichon Frise. Bolognese enjoy companionship of people and forms a close relationship with its owner. Vivacious, playful and happy. Bolognese get along very well with other animals.
Outdoors Bolognese rough -and-tumble, indoors he is quiet and happy. They are friendly with strangers. Get them accustomed to people and noises at an early age. Because of this breeds size, they are prone to Small Dog Syndrome, human induced behaviors, where the dog believes he is pack leader to humans. This causes many behavior problems, including separation anxiety, and being timid. He may howl mournfully when his owner is busy and cannot pay attention to him, as instinctually, the pack leader is allowed to leave the followers, however the followers are not allowed to leave the pack leader.
The Bolognese is recommended for older children, simply because, the majority of small dog owners do not display the proper leadership, giving them rules to follow and limits as to what they can and cannot do. Also, because of their size, a lot of owners believe they can get enough exercise just running around the house. However, walking your dog means more to a dog than just physical exercise. It is mental and instinctual. Be sure to take your dog for daily pack walks.
The coat requires daily brushings, with monthly grooming sessions recommended. The golden rule when bathing the Bolognese is to never bathe the dog without first giving the coat a thorough brushing, otherwise the coat will become very matted.
If the coat of your Bolognese appears overly frayed, the tips of the hair may be clipped every now and then. For show purposes, a Bolognese must never appear as though he has been clipped, especially in the sculpted manner of a breed like the Bichon Frise. As a puppy, the coat may be trimmed between the ages of four to six months, which improves the strength and stability of the hair.
The Bolognese was developed centuries ago in Bologna Italy and it is written that they were already valued in Italy as early as the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Because of its beauty, grace and charm it became a favorite of the nobility during the Renaissance.
King Umberto of Italy/Savoyen gave a beautiful little Bolognese to Princess Jose of Belgium on her birthday. Also, in 1668 Cosimo de Medici sent eight Bolognese by royal courier and asked his friend Colonel Alamanni in Belgium that these be given as gifts to several of the wealthy and influential families of Brussels.
As time passed and the nobility as such passed also, the Bolognese became an almost extinct breed. However, a few breeders in Europe and especially one man in Italy, Gian Franco Giannelli, who loved the breed, have restored it to its present day popularity.
The breed was brought into England by Liz Stannard in 1990 and first shown that year in Imported Register classes. In 2001 the breed was able to be shown at all shows with their own classes and they were at Crufts for the first time in 2002.
This willing little dog is quite responsive to obedience training. The Bolognese is highly intelligent and easy to train with positive reinforcement, as he is rarely in need of scolding. He is neither headstrong like a Dachshund nor obstinate like Shih Tzu.
The Bolognese can be taught to remain at home alone, and once taught, he is content to stay at home for three or four hours at a time.
The Bolognese is a healthy breed, prone to no real major problems. This is one of the healthiest dog breeds with no inheritable diseases known to breeders.