(aka: Chien de Saint-Hubert, St. Hubert Hound, Sleuth Hound)
Bloodhounds are easily identified as large dogs with loose skin around the head and neck, long muzzles, hanging ears and jowls. Their deeply sunken eyes and jowly face give them a somber but noble expression. They have muscular necks and strong shoulders, not to mention powerful and durable legs. Their tails curve up, and their short, dense coats can come in red, black & tan and liver & tan. Overall, Bloodhounds have a commanding and dignified stance.
An interesting note about Blood hounds: the actual definition is one who follows up an enemy with tenacity. Bloodhounds were used for tracking wounded game by the blood spilt. Eventually they were deployed for tracking criminals and slaves who had made their escape, and were hunters of blood, not hunters by blood. The most noted breeds are the African, Cuban, and English.
The Bloodhound is the only animal whose evidence is admissible in an American court of law.
Bloodhounds look easygoing and mellow. And, for the most part, they are. These good-natured, patient and distinguished companions like nothing better than to stretch out on the floor and be cuddled, scratched and fussed over. They have an incredibly patient and playful way with children, goofing around on the carpet or in the yard for hours. Bloodhounds love attention and family companionship above everything else.
Outdoors, Bloodhounds can get very energetic. They love to run around and explore. Sometimes shy in the beginning, they have an easygoing, open-minded nature that makes them truly a friend to everyone (other pets included). For this reason, they might not be the best choice for a watchdog. However, they are very protective of their homes and environments, howling as opposed to barking when they sense a threat.
The smooth, shorthaired coat is easy to groom. Groom with a hound glove, and bathe only when necessary. A rub with a rough towel or chamois will leave the coat gleaming. Clean the long, floppy ears regularly. Bloodhounds have a distinctive dog-type odor. This breed is an average shedder.
The Bloodhound is an ancient breed. Their ancestors first appeared in Europe thousands of years ago when two strains of hound—the black St. Hubert and the white Southern Hound—were brought from Constantinople. Belgian monks, who had bred the St. Hubert hounds during the Middle Ages, eventually brought them to England where they were bred to be durable hunters. They also have a legendary reputation as police dogs. To this day Bloodhounds continue to be beloved competitors and companions.
The Bloodhound is extremely intelligent and eager to please his owner however can be very stubborn making training a definite task. Gentle handling and speaking is a must as this breed can be very sensitive, but consistency is also necessary if this breed is to thrive and learn. Bloodhounds can be very slow to house train and train period, however if proper training exercises are followed on a regular basis, this breed should excel and become a wonderful family and/or hunting companion.
Compared to other purebred dogs, Bloodhounds have an unusually high rate of gastrointestinal ailments, with bloat being the most common type of gastrointestinal problem. The breed also suffers an unusually high incidence of eye, skin, and ear ailments; thus these areas should be inspected frequently for signs of developing problems. Owners should be especially aware of the signs of bloat, which is both the most common illness and the leading cause of death of Bloodhounds. The thick coat gives the breed the tendency to overheat quickly.