Black Russian Terrier
(aka: Chornyi, Terrier Noir Russem, Black Terrier, Tchiorny Terrier, Russian Bear Schnauzer, Mustaterrieri)
Large, robust and powerful, the Black Russian Terrier (BRT) was developed in Russia as a guard dog. Their tousled double coat must be coal black and coarse in texture, and should not look as though its coat is sculpted or trimmed. It should never appear to lack substance or be weak in any way. Males should be noticeably more masculine than females.
The Black Russian Terrier has a very well coordinated, strong, and powerful gait. Despite their large size and muscular stature they appear to be very light on their feet. They are said to walk as if they have a spring in their step.
According to breed standards, they head is powerful with dark, oval eyes, and high set triangular ears that are rather small. Their back should be straight, the tail is thick and high set and usually docked to the third to fifth vertebra. Their feet are large and round. They should not be smaller than 26" at the withers.
Despite its name, the Black Russian is a member of the Working Group and not the Terrier Group, and was first recognized by the AKC in2004.
Black Russian Terrier Temperament
The Black Russian Terrier was originally bred as an army dog and therefore it is in its nature to be a watchdog. They are extremely brave and observant without the need for aggression. They respond quickly to protect their owners and home. They rarely bark unless they feel that it is necessary. They do have a dominant personality and therefore should be treated firmly and lovingly in order to guide them in the right direction. Due to their high intelligence they learn quickly and become very loyal pets. This loyalty combined with their suspicious nature make it very important for the dog to be socialized properly. They are not well handled by people outside the family if they are not socialized at a young age.
Black Russian Terrier puppies are very lovable, sensitive, and quick to learn. They are late bloomers and do take a while to fully mature. It is said that they take about two years to fully mature. While they are developing they are very inquisitive and will get into everything. Black Russian Terrier puppies are very good with children and this trait does not go away as they mature into adulthood. It is suggested that the owners should be aware that because they do take a while to mature that they are patience and firm in their training. Also, it is suggested that perhaps the Black Russian Terrier is not a dog for the first time owner. Both the male and female Black Russian Terriers are excellent with children although the females are more inclined to actually play with the children. They are very even tempered and will tolerate just about anything from their family. They desire close human contact and make excellent family dogs.
The Black Russian Terrier does not typically have troubles getting along with other animals. However, they are a dominant dog and therefore should not live in a household with another large dominant dog. Despite this fact it is found that they will try to avoid fighting with other dogs. It is suggested that they live more comfortably with smaller dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, and other non-dominant animals. They will always prefer animals that are considered part of their own household.
Regular trimming 2-3 times a year is needed. Stripping is needed only if the coat is soft. Brush your Black Russian Terrier at least once a week. It is important to remove hairs from ear ducts and cut the hairs under the paws. The BRT sheds very little if it is regularly brushed.
The Black Russian Terrier was initially bred by the Former Russian Red Army. They used the army controlled kennel Red Star. The breeders for the Black Russian Terrier were the Giant Schnauzer, Rottweiler, Airedale breeds, and the Russian Water Dog. However, in total about 17 breeds were used in the creation of the Black Russian Terrier using only the finest dogs.
The Russian Red Army needed a dog that could withstand different weather conditions as well as be able to work independently. They needed to breed a dog that could be used for their very specific tasks. Some of these specific tasks were to guard military installations, border troops, prison camps, penal colonies, and police forces. This upbringing is what contributes to their suspicious and dominant nature. It is also what makes them very protective of their owners and makes them excellent watchdogs.
Russian Black Terrier. The Black Russian Terrier needs to have training from the time it is a puppy due to its suspicious and dominant nature. Initially it is very important to have them socialized around people and other animals. They should be frequently introduced to people out in public of every sex, size, and ethnicity. This will help to decrease their suspiciousness and aloofness of strangers in public. The same principle applies to other animals. However, they can remain dominant in nature around larger dominant dogs.
The Black Russian Terrier is a highly intelligent and focused dog and will train easily to house breaking and to be well mannered on a leash. They are excellent around children and love human contact, so there are typically no problems training them to be around children or to behave in the house. They are usually very inactive indoor dogs.
They are most responsive to firm but positive reinforcement training. Due to their highly intelligent nature, they excel in obedience type training. Positive reinforcement training can consist of clicker training or food reinforcement training. It is important to establish proper dominance between dog and owner early on because of their large size. The Black Russian Terrier is just too large a dog to not have proper and consistent training. Because they are highly intelligent they make excellent obedience dogs.
like many other large dogs, they are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia. Also have a tendency to get otitis if the ears are not well taken care of.